A "Censer", "Crucible", or "Thurible"
In English, the words ‘incense’, ‘scent’ and ‘censer’ all share the same root, whereas the censer is the receptacle in which the incense is placed, which gives scent. This same object is also sometimes referred to as a thurifer, which comes from the Latin word thuribulo.
- 1 In Judaism
- 2 Nazarani Tanura
- 2.1 Oekemash (אוכמש) Handle
- 2.2 Za’am (זעם) Ring
- 2.3 Asoora (אסורא) Chain
- 2.4 Ganugna (גנוגנא) Canopy
- 2.5 Asoora Qatzma (אסורא קצמא) Divine Chains
- 2.6 Pamuna (פאמונא) Bells
- 2.7 Tsleeba (צליבא) Cross
- 2.8 Machpa (מחפא) Lid
- 2.9 Za’ama D’Saber (זעמא דסבר) Rings of Hope
- 2.10 Za’ama Zakutha (זעמא זכותא) Rings of Triumph
- 2.11 Dayeetsa (דעיצא) Egg
- 2.12 Regla (רגלא) Foot
- 3 References
The clergy use the tanura to burn the incense which is used in the services of the church. All souls undergo a reckoning, a carrying away of sin by prayer. As the smoke rises from the censer, and dissipates out into the atmosphere, our prayers are carried out with it and become part of the Universe. The censer then is a representation of the power of the Holy Spirit working within the Church, for the greater good of all of mankind.
In English, the words ‘incense’, ‘scent’ and ‘censer’ all share the same root, whereas the censer is the receptacle in which the incense is placed, which gives scent. This same object is also sometimes referred to as a thurifer, which comes from the Latin word thuribulo. The priests of the old temple were instructed to take “burning coals from the altar before the LORD and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and take them behind the curtain” (Leviticus 16:12) of the temple.
During the time of the First Temple the tanura had a single handle very much like a modern garden trowel, but was slightly bigger. There were no chains, no bells, and no cover. Coals were taken from beneath animal sacrifices, using the trowel and incense was placed on top to create fragrant smoke. The priest then walked around with this spreading the smoke where it was supposed to go. There are a number of such tanuri attested to in Mideast archeology, in various religions, Zoroasterians, Jews and Egyptians all used this form.
The tanura pictured above is the traditional version used in the Nazarani rîte, however it should be noted that a large number of different configurations and styles exist. Thus it is important to familiarise yourself with the distinct elements of the tanura, as well as their spiritual significance and physical purpose.
To be an acceptable, the tanura must have the following twelve components.
- Oekemash (אוכמש) Handle
- Za’am (זעם) Ring
- Asoora (אסורא) Chain
- Ganugna (גנוגנא) Canopy
- Asoora Qatzma (אסורא קצמא) Divine Chain
- Pamuna (פאמונא) Bells
- Tsleba (צליבא) Cross
- Machpa (מחפא) Lid
- Za’ama D’Saber (זעמא דסבר) Rings of Hope
- Za’ama Zakutha (זעמא זכותא) Rings of Triumph
- Dayeetsa (דעיצא) egg
- Regla (רגלא) foot
Oekemash (אוכמש) Handle
Originally most tanura had a large ring at the top; but this has been replaced in many cases with a more ergonomic handles. This large ring represents the Father, while the smaller ‘ring’ to control airflow represented the Son, and the chain which hung from the small ring represented the Spirit of Holiness. It was a large ring, because the Father has no beginning and no end. It is from God the Father that all else emanates, comes into existence and has its being.
He who holds the tanura enters his fingers into the big ring and the small ring simultaneously, so that he can control the motion of the tanura and the amount of airflow over the coals. By doing this it is possible to direct the fragrant smelling smoke from the tanura wherever he chooses. This action symbolizes the work of God in the world, the divine incarnation and the entrance of man into the life of God.
The handle is the “highest” thing on the tanura, and thus represents the Throne of God. Below the handle are usually two much smaller rings. These rings give the thurifer the ability to swing the tanura in all directions, and without them the tanura would be much less mobile. These two small rings represent the Cherubim and the Seraphim, who sit at the Heavenly Throne. The handle is connected to the ganuga in order to suggest that without God the skies could not be sustained, and to symbolize that God is simultaneously both limitless and nothing, not even space and time can contain him.
Za’am (זעם) Ring
Above the ganuga is a small ring which represents the Son, the word that embodies, but remains different than the handle which symbolizes the Father or Throne of God. This small ring, like the Son of God, is the “modulating” force of the prayers / smoke and therefore of the Spirit as represented in our world. The loop at the end of this chain is designed to be held with one finger inside it, symbolizing the Spirit of Holiness, who has descended to us.
The four bells on each of the three chains represent the passing of souls up the ladders (chains) up and down from heaven. The four bells on each chain represent the four “corners” of the Earth, the four dimensions of our physical world, et cetera.
Asoora (אסורא) Chain
There is a chain which connects the za’am to the lid of the tanura.
This fourth chain without bells passes through a hole in the ganugna, and is able to be easily slid up and down in order to easily raise and lower the lid. The fact that this chain has no bells symbolize the local preaching of Jesus in Palestine before the Crucifixion. And refers to the silence and the promise that He did not come to condemn the world.
The symbol is also here, of the Spirit of Holiness descending upon man to control the burning fire of life inside the body. She descends independently of the physical world, directly to Christ, as was at His incarnation and His Baptism, which here are represented by the cross on the top of the lid.
Ganugna (גנוגנא) Canopy
Normally the word ganugna refers to the traditional canopy which covers the Altar in Nazarani churches; but can also refer to the canopies which are used to overshadow holy things when they are being transported. Ganuga are as if the wings of God overshadowing that which He wishes to protect with wisdom. Such as when the Angel Gabriel said to Mary that, “the Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Most High will overshadow you.” (Luke 1:35 *) The confluence of the chains coming together at the ganugna, symbolises the singleness (ichidaya) of the divine essence. It is the symbol of the “Most High”?
Asoora Qatzma (אסורא קצמא) Divine Chains
There are chains, ladders for spiritual beings to climb, to both ascend and descend, which lead from the canopy, and from the symbolic abode of God above all things, down from the canopy to the lid, the veil which covers the burning coals below. These chains symbolize God's Trinitarian presence at work in the world. The Father works in Heaven, The Son upon Earth and the Spirit of Holiness gives testimony to their work through the apostles, saints, martyrs, missionaries and people and breath of the Church. There are three chains and not two, for with only two chains the crucible would become unstable, and hot coals and burning incense would burn their way through the floor. There are three chains and not two, because the Trinity is the spiritual force which stabilizes our lives, past, present and future.
Pamuna (פאמונא) Bells
The English word for pomegranate comes from the same root, and refers to the twelve small bells attached to the chains which symbolise the preaching of the Twelve Apostles, where one of the bells has been silenced to symbolize the rebel Judas. Each of the chains has an odd number of bells. These represent the Isaiah 33:3 At the thunder of your voice, the peoples flee; when you rise up, the nations scatter. Symbolizes the Church Militant (Bishara saints and priests and the church to deliver the word of God) Manufactured bells on a spherical shape to represent the image of planets heaven or saints apostles and Ospathm who lights verbal Basharthm and life يضيئون in the sky of this world.
Therefore bells hung under the Planetarium, to suggest that the Church Militant in the priesthood of Christ, who, reflecting the bright Onoaralamchrist from above on the world. And follow the example of Christ, and to provide self to death certificate for him and his preaching. Whenever moved three strings when evaporation, as the work of God in them and through them: "Repent, for the kingdom of God is at hand." As threatens church bell voice for people to rush to a meeting with God in prayer and in her life, as well as the voice of the bells Alambkhria warning preparedness for the presence of God in the liturgy, and the willingness to repent.
We also note there are eleven bell twelve. Valahaddy ten 11 bell to symbolize the eleven apostles, the twelfth apostle is absent from the burner because it represented message Bakarye, and the Gospels, and preacher.
Tsleeba (צליבא) Cross
Is the key to the door of the sky, the narrow door, we have introduced to glory and life.
Here we see that he is the only point that we meet and engage with Christ "did not carry his cross and follow me is not Welcome to me" (Matthew 10: 38) If you can not be there is a strong correlation between us and Christ but the cross.
Sticky Cross on Mount Calvary (No. 8), the higher the Risen Christ in us to heaven, rising Calvary Cross together to heaven to submit acceptable carcass and satisfactory to God through the sacrifice of Christ. Vijrj smoke incense to the top and pervaded in the sky (No. 3), Jesus said about rising to the Holy of Holies that "when he climbs the Son of Man to heaven Setjzb him everyone" (John 12:32) This means that open through the sky Cross no one can enter it But if walked on the same road and entered the same door.
Machpa (מחפא) Lid
Thus the symbol is made that the lid ‘covers’ the Bayat Nurra (House of Light) wherein the burning ‘coal’ (actually a super massive black hole at the centre of our galaxy) is obfuscated by the Great Rift.
The tanura lid usually has a number of small holes in it, to provide airflow and also to represent the dome of stars which surround the Earth and are visible in the night sky.
Imagine looking up and trying to see the stars from within the tanura. Dark and smoky, burning with glimpses of the stars and through the stars to the world outside. It is a symbol of our human suffering, yet through the smoke escapes our prayers and outside the tanura our petition are heard - though we live in a reckoning fire.
Represents Calvary, the mountain which offset Jesus faith, and his testimony and his speech and his death on the cross, "Truly I say to you: if you believe as a mustard seed, you said to this mountain, 'Move from here to there flies .." (Matthew 5:20 p.m.) mountain that Jesus lifted him has risen with him.
This symbolizes the self and the ego, when rising incense smoke ascends with us self incinerator smoke. Valmat cover the burner if it remains absolutely the burner does not allow the incense burning to escalate, and then switches off anthrax flaming for the loss of air, so self Also if remained in place on our spiritual life and confined only in normal life, تنطفىء us Jamra the Holy Spirit, and embers love God, Vdoa Abdeen for ourselves In this case, if extinguished the Holy Spirit in us has extinguished the spirit of resurrection and so there will not be a spiritual resurrection or eternal, but rather eternal death.
But Jesus removed the grave and raise the lid and stepped his and محرقته sacrifice up to the sky.
Za’ama D’Saber (זעמא דסבר) Rings of Hope
These symbolize the Church, the Bride of Christ and hope of humanity, of which the faithful are the members.
Za’ama Zakutha (זעמא זכותא) Rings of Triumph
The three rings which fasten the chains to the gagnuna symbolise the Church Triumphant, the virgin saints, the sons who were martyred, and all who hasve preceeded us toHeaven.preceded to heaven and neighborhoods joined the company Alkadisn. We note here that the bells (the Church Militant) mediates the upper rings (the Church Triumphant) and lower loops (to the Church in Need)
This mediation is based on the strength of the faith of the living, and the power of sincere testimony, for our faith and our witness and Kdastna remaining bonds linked between heaven and earth "You are the salt of the earth If the salt Anything Imlha?" (Matthew 5: 13). This means that this world will miss Fedosh death if stranded chains Church Militant, if representing the three chains links the Church Militant the victorious Enistin and Need. These chains (faithful servants of Christ testimony and faith) and represents the Bells Church Militant Bbashartha resonant in the world. See loops installed in the dome of the sky (10) and loops installed in the belly of the burner (9), fixed Ataathrk never, because today's opportunity for them has ended, the church bells Mujahid move to declare us the importance of the day for this church, which should work today and not tomorrow, "Let your light shine So before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven. " (Matthew 5:16)
Dayeetsa (דעיצא) Egg
The eggs reprsents the forge or foundry... The bowl represents the Virgin, Mary, whom held the ‘coal of fire’ in her bosom, the same as the Burning Bush which Moses had seen in the desert, and rising from the belly of the burner is the sacrifice of the Holy Spirit. The spirit of divinity which burns all of the lusts of the flesh, just as the rising smoke sacrifice is well pleasing unto God.
Regla (רגלא) Foot
This part of the burner stays cool even whence the coals are burning above it. Like the Rock, Peter, upon which Christ says that He shall build His Church.