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This article is an entry from the Netseran Encyclopaedia edited by Hadrian Mar Elijah Bar Israel. You can log in or request an account to make changes..


The Aramaic word for “Sabbath”, which is written Shabat שבתה in Hebrew.

In the Scriptures

According to the Introduction of the Hadrian Mar Elijah Bar Israel, Qtba Qrina כתבא קרנא The Book of Recitations of the Nazarani Church:

The seventh day, what is Saturday in our modern calendar week, is to be kept holy, a consecrated time set apart for rest. “God ended His work which He had made on the seventh day; and on the seventh day He rested from His work.” (Genesis 2:2) “And God blessed the seventh day and consecrated it, because on it He rested from all of the work He made in Creation.” (Genesis 2:3) It is because of this consecration that we honour the Sabbath and keep it holy. Yeshue said to His apostles that, “The Sabbath was made because of man and not man because of the Sabbath, therefore the Son of Man is also the Lord of the Sabbath.” (Mark 2:27-28) Thus we should “remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy.” (Exodus 20:8) And so no work should be done on the Sabbath, except the work of healing and of prayer and of praising God (Luke 13:13-16). The Prophet Nehemiah tells us also that we cannot buy or sell on the Sabbath either. He says that “when the people of the world bring food and wares to sell on the Sabbath or on a holy day, we shall not buy it. And on the seventh year we forgive every debt.” (Nehemiah 10:31) In communities of believers and in Nazarani houses that no deliveries or goods should be allowed to enter on the Sabbath day. The doors should be locked from sundown on the Sabbath until the sundown of the next night, for this is the means of protection of our forefather Nehemiah, who asked, “Didn't your fathers do that which has brought all of this evil upon the city, and yet you bring wrath on Israel by continuing to profane the Sabbath? And it came to pass that when it came to be dark at the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they not be opened until after the Sabbath.” (Nehemiah 13:18-19)[1]