"Jerusalem" - the proper name of the capitol city of Israel and Palestine.
In Other Languages
Arabic: القُدس (al-Quds) Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim) Syriac: ܐܘܪܫܠܡ (Ūrišlem)
As a Canaanite Settlement
The first settlement on what is now Jerusalem was the Caananite city of Hatzor (19th – 13th centuries BC) built during the Chalcolithic Period (4500-3200 BC).
Four very large Caananite temples were built one on top of the other, between the 17th and 13th centuries BC. The largest, which was built in the 14th century BC consisted of three large rooms with the holy of holies in the north and the great entrance in the south. It took another two-hundred years, once Joshua burned Hatzor (Joshua 11:13), until the reign of King Solomon to raise the labor force to build the house of the Lord, and begin to rebuild on the site.(1st Kings 9:15) It is noteworthy that fortification systems and administration buildings identical to those found at Hatzor have also been found at Megiddo and Gezer.with the first city walls being built Middle Bronza Age, around 1800 BC.
- History of Jerusalem: Timeline for the History of Jerusalem (4500 BCE - Present), Jewish Virtual Library. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, Middle East Insight, January-February 1999, Retrieved 25 April 2017
- Roger Friedland, Richard D. Hecht. To Rule Jerusalem, University of California Press, 2000, p. 8. ISBN 0-520-22092-7