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This article is an entry from the Netseran Encyclopaedia edited by Hadrian Mar Elijah Bar Israel. You can log in or request an account to make changes..


This is the Name of God (i.e. "YHVH") in Aramaic.

The Nazarani when composing their texts, relied on earlier Aramaic texts of the Torah (‘law’), Neviim (‘prophets’) and Ketuvim (‘writings’). In these Aramaic texts, the full name of God or the Tetragrammaton, was never fully written out, but was abbreviated as YAH out of respect for the name, much as Jews of today refer to Him merely as “HaShem” (“The Name”) or as “Adonai” (“Lord”).

YHVH is written as יהוה in Hebrew and sometimes in a short form YAH יה (yud-heh) appearing in places like Psalm 68:5 or as part of a compound Hebrew name like ירמיה (Yërëmyäh).

The Aramaic “MarYAH” is the emphatic form of the Aramaic theonym combining the words “Mar”, which means “Lord” and the word “YAH”, which is the abbreviated Aramaic form of the Hebrew Name of God, “YHVH”. The name YAH comes from the ancient Sumerian “EA” means "Life", and is derived from the Semitic root HYY "life", which can also mean "spring" or "running water", as in to say the “Fountain of Life”. His Name is basically the singular, third person, masculine form of the verb HAYA, "to be". At the burning bush, He told Moses that His Name was "I AM", then He said His Name was "YHVH" (Ex.3:14-15). These are not separate Names, they are the same - He says "I AM", we say "HE IS"!

YAH is often mentioned with other divine names as well. In that day you shall say: “I give thanks to you, O YHVH! Although You were wroth with me, Your wrath has turned back and You comfort me. Behold the El who gives me triumph! I am confident, unafraid; for Yah YHVH (hwhy hy) is my strength and my might; and he has been my deliverance.” Isaiah 12:1-2

“I recall the deeds of Yah (hy); yes, I recall Your wonders of old; I recount Your works; I speak of Your acts.” Psalm 77:12-13 (Jewish Publication Society 1999 Hebrew English Tanakh) Praise Yah (hy). Servants of YHWH, give praise. Praise the name of YHVH. Psalm 113:1-3 (Jewish Publication Society 1999 Hebrew English Tanakh)

Playing on words, Saint Ephraim the Syrian (ca. 306 – 373) an orthodox deacon and a prolific theologian and hymnographer of the 4th century, said that one could also understand “MarYAH” as an acronym meaning:

  • Meem Marutha ("Adonship")
  • Resh Rabbutha (“Mightiness/Grandeur, Splendour, Splendor, Greatness”)
  • Yodh-Aleph Ethya ("Self-Existence')
  • By itself, “YAH” occurs in the Old Testament a total of 49 times, and “marYAH” was used to replace the Tetragrammaton in around 7,000 instances in the Targums.

    The Old Testament of the Peshitta contains the name “MarYah” around six-thousand-eight-hundred times, as a translation into Aramaic of the Hebrew “YHVH”.

    Fast forward to the birth of the faith, Jesus’ name in Aramaic is Ie(Ya)Shu(a) which means “YAH saves”. For this reason, both He and God in the early Christian texts were referred to as Mar Yah. (Mar = Lord, thus… Lord God) This clearly shows that the early Christians did believe that Christ was, in fact, God. The Peshitta leaves NO DOUBT WHATSOEVER that Jesus was God Himself, manifest in the flesh. The Peshitta Aramaic New Testament directly refers to Jesus “MarYAH” a total of thirty-two times.

    “And we saw His glory, as the glory of the Ichidaya Who is of the Father Who is full of grace and truth.” [John 1:14] And no one can say YHWH is Y’shua (MarYah huwa Ieshu - [wvy wh ayrm) but by the Ruha aQdosh. (Here in Corinthians, it refers NOT to the Holy spirit, but to Prophecy. Thus, we who acknowledge the mission of Christ are ALL prophets.) - Aramaic 1 Corinthians 12:3

    “Jesus said to him, The first of all commandments is, Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one MarYAH” (Mark 12:29) “He said to them, How is it then that David through the spirit calls him Lord God MarYAH?” (Matthew 22:43) “For God sent the word to the children of Israel, preaching peace and tranquillity by Jesus Christ; he is the MarYAH of all.” (Acts 10:36) “For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the MarYAH” (Luke 2:11) “That no man can say that Jesus is the MarYAH but by the Holy Spirit.” (1st Corinthians 12:3)

    That Jesus is literally an incarnation of Life is not in question. “So you may know that I AM THE LIVING GOD”, as a standalone statement occurs five times in Yohannan (John 8:24,28; 13:19, 18:6,8).

    Hundreds of soldiers who had come to arrest him were knocked down backwards when Yeshua answered with this two word phrase in John 18! This is testament to the fact that it meant more than, “It is I”; much more!

    Combining the 30 occurrences of his statements- “I AM THE LIVING GOD”, with at least 32 places where Yeshua (Jesus) is named “THE LORD JEHOVAH” (or “YAHWEH”, if you prefer), yields 62 testimonies to The absolute Deity of The Messiah Yeshua in The Peshitta Aramaic New Testament not to be found in the Greek New Testament.

    By removing the name “MarYAH” and replacing it with their pagan "Chrestos" the Greeks effectively stripped Jesus of His divinity, and their own ability to comprehend what is maybe the most basic point of christology, that "... all of the House of Israel should know that this Yeshua, whom you crucified, is מריא and the anointed one." - Acts 2:36 That He is literally YHVH, the God of the Jews, incarnate in the flesh as a human man.

    No Greek version of the Bible includes the divine name. Instead, they chose to use the Platonic term Kyrios (κύριος) meaning either "Lord” or “Master" in both the Septuagint translation (LXX, for its seventy translators) of the Hebrew Bible into Greek, and in the Greek New Testament [ The Christology of the New Testament by Oscar Cullmann 1959 ISBN 0-664-24351-7 pages 234-237 ] [ The Bauer lexicon, 1979 edition ] which was later translated into other languages.

    Scholars like Siecienski, working from the idea of Greek primacy of the New Testament even “question whether the New Testament ever explicitly refers to Jesus as "God" or whether Jesus thought of himself as such.” (Siecienski, Anthony Edward, The filioque: history of a doctrinal controversy, 2010, Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-537204-5, page 17) The question of whether or not the New Testament calls Jesus God (Raymond Brown, "Does the New Testament Call Jesus God?" in Jesus: God and Man, New York: Macmillian Publishing, 1967, pages 1-38) isn’t in question for Nazarani, and never has been. Jesus’ own words prove that this is the way he thought of himself, but only if the Bible is understood in purely Semitic terms.

    Here is Strong’s Lexicon definition of YAH:

    03050 hy Yahh yawJAH 1; 491) Jah (Jehovah in the shortened form)1a) the proper name of the one true God1b) used in many compounds1b1) names beginning with the letters ‘Je’1b2) names ending with ‘iah’ or ‘jah’. Psalms 72:17 His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and [men] shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed. Here is Strong’s Lexicon definition of YAH 03050 hy Yahh yaw JAH 1; 49 1) Jah (Jehovah in the shortened form) 1a) the proper name of the one true God 1b) used in many compounds 1b1) names beginning with the letters ‘Je’ 1b2) names ending with ‘iah’ or ‘jah’ Here is Strong’s entry for “YHWH”: 03068 hwhy Y@hovah yeh-ho-vaw’ from 01961; n pr dei; {See TWOT on 484 @@ "484a"} AV-LORD 6510, GOD 4, JEHOVAH 4, variant 1; 6519 Jehovah =" the existing One" 1) the proper name of the one true God